Power sector

Electricity generation produces the largest share of Australia's direct greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 35% of total emissions in 2010. Yet substantial opportunity exists to reduce emissions from this sector using existing commercially available technologies. These include increased uptake of renewable energy, and reducing emissions from traditional fossil fuel power generation through fuel shifting and improved efficiency. 

Key solutions through cleaner power generation include:

  • Improving the efficiency of existing fossil fuel power stations, which can reduce Australia's emissions by 3.2 million tonnes per year
  • Increasing the uptake of renewable electricity generation such as solar, wind or geothermal, which could achieve a further 26 million tonnes of emissions reductions a year
  • Generating electricity from wood waste, crop residues, or methane captured at landfill or sewerage facilities, further reducing Australia's emissions by 8.7 million tonnes a year

Projects in this sector:


ClimateWorks' Pathways to a Low Carbon Future website is designed to be a fun and accessible introduction to the very comprehensive energy, emissions and economic modelling that ClimateWorks undertook in partnership with ANU, CSIRO and Victoria University.

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The Pathways to Deep Decarbonisation in 2050: How Australia can prosper in a low carbon world report presents an illustrative deep decarbonisation pathway for Australia. This work finds that Australia can achieve net zero emissions by 2050 and live within its recommended carbon budget, using technologies that exist today, while maintaining economic prosperity
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Low Carbon Growth Plan for Australia

The award-winning Low Carbon Growth Plan for Australia demonstrates that significant potential exists to reduce Australia's emissions alongside continued economic growth.