Electricity generation produces the largest share of Australia's direct greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 35% of total emissions in 2010. Yet substantial opportunity exists to reduce emissions from this sector using existing commercially available technologies. These include increased uptake of renewable energy, and reducing emissions from traditional fossil fuel power generation through fuel shifting and improved efficiency.
Key solutions through cleaner power generation include:
- Improving the efficiency of existing fossil fuel power stations, which can reduce Australia's emissions by 3.2 million tonnes per year
- Increasing the uptake of renewable electricity generation such as solar, wind or geothermal, which could achieve a further 26 million tonnes of emissions reductions a year
- Generating electricity from wood waste, crop residues, or methane captured at landfill or sewerage facilities, further reducing Australia's emissions by 8.7 million tonnes a year